Ancient humans was mimicking nature: replaying bird songs, animal roars, started combine sounds with emotions and developed first music. Rocks, wooden sticks, even grass was used to help them improve their music and became first musical instruments. Humans start to change, and music evolved together with them.
Language changed before existed music. People start to sing about seen places and people. They was playing melodies by flutes and harps – one of the first evolved music instruments. Music became big part of human lives, was invented more and more music instruments such as ancient lyres, clarinets, trumpets and one of the most popular instruments even in our days – guitar. People start to accompanied vocals with instruments and record music on a paper.
Ancient Greeks felt passion for music, every free person needed to study music’s theory, philosophy. They even had a music competitions where people was playing bagpipes, double flutes, seven holed flutes. Competitions were taking place in ancient theaters which ones created foundation for our day theaters. Then came Middle Ages bringing us vocal church music. Knights and travelers musicians represented secular music enriching it with new musical genres as hymn, Gregorian chant (approved music of the church), motet. Liturgical drama as well appeared in Middle ages. It have been performed in various religious holidays and usually was short act with a music and chants. Liturgical drama along with the ancient Greek theater contributed to the emergence of the opera.
Polyphony and church music was dominating in Renaissance, but was created a lot of secular music as well. Formed polyphony music culture centers – polyphony schools. In Italy appeared new music gender – madrigal. It usually was a love songs and has been sung in all nobility feasts. Instrumental music became very popular in Renaissance. People was creating new musical instruments and improving old ones. Churches continued to use pipe organs. In XV – XVI century was created new keyboard instruments such as harpsichord and clavichord. Lute was one of the most popular string instruments at that time.
About XVII century came splendid and majestic Baroque. In Baroque music was understandable as feeling and experience expression. Big part of music was still polyphonic, but next to it appeared homophony (obvious melody with accompaniment). Baroque brought us first opera – theatrical style gender where word, act and music blends together. First opera “Euridice” was created 1600 in Italy by J. Peri and G. Caccini. Later appeared one more music genre – oratorio. It was similar to opera, but without acting, costumes or decorations. After while people got tired from majestic Baroque style and started to look for something simple and natural. That’s how came Classical period. Classical music was clear, symmetric. Homophony took the biggest part in it. Opera was yet very important and instrumental music started to play bigger part in classical music. Was created one of the biggest those days novelties – grand piano. Most important instrumental music’s genre were concert, symphony, string quartet. J. Haydn shaped structure of these genres and his ideas was continued by V.A. Mozart and L. van Beethoven.
In XIX century people started to resist to strict and accurate classical music and created a new romantic music where they could express the value of humans personality and feelings. Lots of Romantic period composers was writing music with ethnically shades, they were disappointed with life and dreamed about better one. Melody and harmony was very important in romantics music. Famous composers from Romantic period includes Schumann, Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Wagner, Strauss.
The Twentieth-Century was invention and technology time. Compositors tried to be original, create something new and unseen. But there was people who wanted to save romantic period traditions and incorporate them in modern music. It formed new modernism directions – impressionism, expressionism, neoclassicism. Famous modernism compositors were K. Debussy, A. Schoenberg, I. Stravinsky. Second century side brings us different modernism directions – avant-garde, minimalism and postmodernism. XX century gave us three very important music genres which ones we are enjoying now, it’s jazz, rock and techno music. Now we just need to wait and see what music will bring us next.